Zhong, W; Hartung, W; Komor, E; Schobert, C: Phloem transport of abscisic acid in ricinus communis l seedlings, Plant, Cell and Environment, 19, 471-477 (1996)
Sieve tube sap exuded from the cut hypocotyl of castor bean seedlings (Ricinus communis L.) was found to contain 0.2-0.5 mmol m(-3) abscisic acid (ABA). The ABA concentration in the sieve tube sap always exceeded that in root pressure exudate under a wide range of water supply. Exudation of sieve tube sap from the cut hypocotyl caused water loss, and this induced 'water shortage' in the cotyledons which resulted in the ABA concentration in the cotyledons increasing by 3-fold and that in the sieve tube sap increasing by up to 50-fold within 7 h. The wounded surface of the cut hypocotyl was not responsible for the ABA increase.Incubation of the cotyledons of endosperm-free seedlings in various ABA concentrations (up to 100 mmol m(-3)) increased the ABA concentration in sieve tube sap. The concomitant increase in ABA, both in cotyledons and in sieve tube sap, had no effect on the phloem loading of sucrose, K+ and Mg2+ within the experimental period, i.e. up to 10 h.It can be concluded that (i) the phloem is an important transport path for ABA, (ii) water stress at the phloem loading sites elevates phloem-mobile ABA, which may then serve as a water stress signal for sinks, for example stem and roots (not only for stomata), and (iii) the ABA concentration of cells next to or in the phloem is more important than the average ABA content in the whole cotyledon for determining the ABA concentration in sieve tube sap.

last modified 2004-04-13