Liu, X; Ju, Y; Mandzhieva, S; Pinskii, D; Minkina, T; Rajput, VD; Roane, T; Huang, S; Li, Y; Ma, LQ; Clemens, S; Rensing, C: Sporadic Pb accumulation by plants: influence of soil biogeochemistry, microbial community and physiological mechanisms, Journal of hazardous materials, Elsevier (2022), doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.130391
Recent results revealed that considerable Pb accumulation in plants is possible under specific soil conditions that make Pb phytoavailable. In this review, the sources and transformations of Pb in soils, the interaction of Pb with bacteria and specifically the microbiota in the soil, factors and mechanisms of Pb uptake, translocation and accumulation in plants and Pb toxicity in living organisms are comprehensively elaborated. Specific adsorption and post-adsorption transformations of Pb in soil are the main mechanisms affecting the mobility, bioavailability, and toxicity of Pb. The adsorption ability of Pb largely depends on the composition and properties of soils and environmental conditions. Microbial impact on Pb mobility in soil and bioavailability as well as bacterial resistance to Pb are considered. Specific mechanisms conferring Pb-resistance, including Pb-efflux, siderophores, and EPS, have been identified. Pathways of Pb entry into plants as well as mechanisms of in planta Pb transport are poorly understood. Available evidence suggests the involvement of Ca transporters, organic acids and the phytochelatin pathway in Pb transport, mobility and detoxification, respectively.

last modified 2022-12-01